Creating a Birth Plan: What to Include and Why It’s Important

Bringing a new life into the world is an incredible journey filled with anticipation and excitement. During this time, expectant parents have the opportunity to shape their birth experience through careful planning and communication with their healthcare providers. One valuable tool that can help facilitate this process is a birth plan. In this article, we will explore what a birth plan is, what to include in it, and why it is important.

A birth plan is a document that outlines the preferences and desires of expectant parents regarding various aspects of labor, delivery, and newborn care. It serves as a roadmap, guiding healthcare providers in understanding the parents’ wishes and ensuring that their desires are respected to the greatest extent possible.

Studies have shown that having a birth plan can have numerous benefits. According to research, women who had a birth plan were more likely to have positive birth experiences and greater satisfaction with their care. In addition, a birth plan can help reduce unnecessary interventions and promote shared decision-making between parents and healthcare providers.

What to Include in a Birth Plan

A birth plan can vary greatly depending on individual preferences and circumstances. Here are some elements that parents may want to consider including in their birth plan:

  1. Preferred location for delivery: Whether it’s a hospital, birth center, or home birth, stating the desired location helps healthcare providers understand the parents’ expectations.
  2. Pain management options: Outline preferences for pain relief methods, such as epidurals, natural techniques like breathing exercises or hydrotherapy, or a combination of approaches.
  3. Position preferences for labor and delivery: Specify positions that are comfortable for labor and pushing, such as upright, on hands and knees, or in a water birth.
  4. Who will be present during labor and delivery: Indicate the desired support persons, whether it’s a partner, doula, or family member, to ensure their presence during this important time.
  5. Preferences for fetal monitoring and interventions: Discuss preferences for monitoring the baby’s well-being during labor, such as intermittent or continuous electronic fetal monitoring, and specify preferences for interventions, such as episiotomy or vacuum extraction.
  6. Preferences for handling unexpected situations: Consider preferences for potential scenarios that may require deviations from the original birth plan, such as cesarean section, induction, or augmentation of labor.
  7. Preferences for newborn care: Specify desires for immediate skin-to-skin contact, delayed cord clamping, breastfeeding, or any other newborn care practices that are important to the parents.

Why a Birth Plan is Important

Having a birth plan is not about rigidly adhering to a predetermined script, but rather about empowering parents to actively participate in their care and decision-making process. Here are some reasons why a birth plan is important:

  1. Empowering parents to make informed decisions: By outlining their preferences, parents become actively involved in their care and are better able to make informed choices that align with their values and desires.
  2. Facilitating communication with healthcare providers: A birth plan serves as a communication tool, allowing parents to express their wishes clearly and enabling healthcare providers to understand and respect those preferences.
  3. Reducing stress and anxiety: The uncertainties of labor and delivery can be overwhelming. A birth plan provides a sense of control and reduces stress by giving parents a framework to follow and a sense of preparedness.
  4. Increasing satisfaction with the birth experience: Research suggests that women who have a birth plan are more likely to report greater satisfaction with their birth experiences. By having their preferences acknowledged and respected, parents can feel a sense of accomplishment and fulfillment.
Stay Connected

Fill out the form below to receive periodic information about Life•Way including our newsletter.

How to Create a Birth Plan

Creating a birth plan is a process that requires thoughtful consideration and collaboration. Here are some tips to help you create a birth plan:

  1. Start early and revise as needed: Begin thinking about your birth plan early in your pregnancy and revise it as your knowledge and preferences evolve.
  2. Consult with healthcare providers and ask questions: Discuss your birth plan with your healthcare provider, ask questions, and seek their guidance. They can provide valuable insights and help you understand the available options.
  3. Be flexible and open to changes: While it is important to outline your preferences, keep in mind that birth can be unpredictable. Remain open to adjustments and be prepared to adapt your plan if necessary.
  4. Share the birth plan with relevant parties: Ensure that your birth plan is shared with your healthcare provider, support persons, and any other individuals who will be involved in your care during labor and delivery. This helps ensure everyone is on the same page and can support your preferences.

Common Concerns and Considerations

While creating a birth plan, parents may have some common concerns and considerations. Here are a few:

  1. What to do if the birth plan needs to be changed during labor and delivery: Remember that labor can be unpredictable, and situations may arise that require changes to the original plan. Trust in your healthcare provider’s expertise and be open to alternative options that prioritize the safety and well-being of both you and your baby.
  2. How to communicate with healthcare providers during labor and delivery: Establish open lines of communication with your healthcare team. Clearly express your preferences and concerns, and maintain an ongoing dialogue with them throughout the process.
  3. How to balance preferences with medical necessity: While it is essential to have your desires respected, it is equally important to recognize that sometimes medical interventions may be necessary for the well-being of you and your baby. Discuss potential scenarios with your healthcare provider and aim for a collaborative approach that balances your preferences with medical expertise.

Creating a birth plan is an empowering step for expectant parents, allowing them to actively shape their birth experience. By clearly outlining their preferences and desires, parents can enhance communication with their healthcare providers, reduce stress, and increase satisfaction with the birth experience. Start thinking about your birth plan early, seek advice and support from your healthcare team, and remember to remain flexible as you navigate this transformative journey.